Federal-Public Lands Transportation Institute

Logo: Transportation icons including, shuttle bus, hiker, cyclist, tour boat and car. Text Federal-Public Lands Transportation Institute

The Federal-Public Lands Transportation Institute (FPLTI) is a resource repository and technical assistance institute that builds on WTI’s previous work related to transportation in public lands.  From 2010 -2014, WTI led the Paul S. Sarbanes Transit in Parks Technical Assistance Center (TRIPTAC), a federally-funded program to provide training and technical assistance to federal land mangers interested in enhancing alternative transportation within their units. When the TRIPTAC grant ended, FPLTI was created so that resources and technical assistance would continue to be available.

The FLTI is a fee-for-service institute that focuses on developing and implementing “real-world” solutions to transportation challenges. FLTI has extensive expertise and project experience on critical transportation issues facing public lands, with “on-the-ground” knowledge and experience at more than 80 federal land units. Project experience includes:

  • Long-term, multi-modal transportation planning
  • Planning and implementation of alternative transportation facilities (e.g., facilities for bicycles, pedestrians, transit, ferries, etc.)
  • Evaluation of transportation systems including collection and analysis of transportation data
  • Transportation safety enhancements, including safety audits, accident prevention, ITS applications, wildlife mitigation, and safety needs for 2-lane rural highways
  • Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) implementation, operations, and evaluation for federal lands
  • Resource stewardship, including protection of wildlife and habitats
  • Wildlife-vehicle collision mitigation solutions
  • Effective outreach and marketing of transportation services
  • Workforce development and technology transfer

More information about FLTI services are available in the drop-down menus below.

The FLTI Resource Repository includes archives of Federal Lands Trainings, Federal Lands Research, and TRIPTAC Publications (see drop down menus at left).

Graphic - Describing Federal Lands Manager's challenge to balance Visitor Access/Experience and Resource Protection
Transportation in federal lands is a balance between resource protection and visitor experience/access.

Examples of transportation in federal lands include:

  • Alternative Transportation Systems – Providing services and facilities that offer alternatives to motorized travel (shuttles, bike facilities, walking trails) or that make more motorized travel more efficient and sustainable (ITS, alternative fuels, congestion management).
  • Multi-Modal Integration – Providing private auto, public transportation and non-motorized access to Federal land unit (70% of which are in rural areas), integrating unit transportation services with gateway communities, and serving visitors’ recreational needs (access to trails, traveling with a bike, etc.).
  • Transit System Management – Planning, operating and marketing sustainable transit systems.
  • Parking Management – Addressing periodic parking problems. Some of the biggest issues FLMAs face is the demand for parking facilities outstripping the supply. In some cases alternative transportation can address the issue, but in many cases other approaches must be developed.
  • Traffic Congestion – Providing multimodal approaches to addressing congestion issues. Many public lands face issues of traffic congestion, particularly during periods of heavy visitiation.
  • Management of Off Road Use – Planning for use of FLMA roads and trails by non-traditional users such as ATVs.
  • Access for Underserved Populations – Providing access to youth, those without vehicles, and population groups that are currently underrepresented in visitor numbers.
  • Workforce Development – Providing opportunities for career growth and knowledge transfer for field staff, which are attainable despite limited travel budgets and heavy workloads.
  • Road Ecology – Protecting wildlife and preserving habitats along roadways while enhancing safety by preventing animal-vehicle collisions.
  • Resource Quality – Managing and mitigating threats to air, water and other resources, such as road dust, emissions, and chemical run-off from roadways.
  • Comprehensive Transportation Planning – Developing longer-term or larger scale transportation plans, i.e. corridor plans or regional network plans.
  • Safety – Conducting safety audits to ensure traveler safety in a unique roadway environment: large numbers of unfamiliar drivers; pedestrians and cyclists sharing the roadway; drivers who stop frequently for sightseeing; or driving challenges such as narrow, curvy, or mountainous roads.
  • Operations and Performance – Collecting performance data, evaluating efficiency, identifying gaps in current transportation services, and recommending actions and enhancements.

WTI’s Federal Lands Transportation Institute (FLTI) was created to provide federal lands managers with an easily accessible source for transportation resources, technical expertise, and training. The FLTI is available to help federal land managers develop solutions for the specialized transportation challenges that federal lands face, as well as, assist the units with transportation planning in a comprehensive and holistic manner.

Through their extensive experience in federal lands, the FLTI understands that just like rural areas, federal lands face unique transportation challenges which can include:

  • Context Sensitivity – designing and implementing transportation services that are appropriate to the historical, cultural or natural setting.
  • Energy and Resource Conservation – selecting modes, vehicles, and routes that promote energy efficiency, preserve resource quality, and protect wildlife.
  • Visitor Experience – developing transportation options that offer multiple ways to appropriately experience and appreciate the unit, such as non-motorized modes and interpretive enhancements.
  • Access and Multi-modal (e.g., bicycle, pedestrian, transit, ferry, etc.) Integration – connecting and integrating transportation services within the unit to gateway communities and regional travel hubs, in order to facilitate federal land access for a broad range of visitor populations.
  • Workforce Development – attracting new staff to address staffing shortfalls as well as various other workforce development needs, including training.

FLTI staff have expertise in deploying real-world solutions to federal lands challenges and are ready to assist you! Is your unit interested in adding a shuttle service or bike trail, but don’t know where to start? Know you have a congestion issue but not sure how to evaluate it or what to do about it? Need help mitigating animal-vehicle collisions? Are you interested in multi-modal integration, but not sure how?

Let FLTI point you to the information you need, put you in touch with an expert who can talk you through your transportation challenges, research solutions to your federal lands transportation challenges, assist you in deploying a pilot project, help you evaluate a transportation solution in your unit, or provide training to your staff.

To view example FLTI projects, click here.

To view biographical information for FLTI’s staff, click here.

To find out how FLTI can help you, email us at flti@coe.montana.edu or call
Jaime Eidswick at (774) 571-3503 

FLTI connects you to up-to-date training on a broad range of relevant transportation issues for Federal Lands. We also offer programs and materials in a variety of formats and venues, whether you want an intensive, in-person workshop, or a cost-effective, flexible training that you can access from your office. FLTI also offers a training option for FLMAs and their partners who want to offer group training on-site. FLTI staff are available to develop and lead short training sessions at your unit.

FLTI has conducted more than eighteen trainings. Examples of past trainings include:

  • Introduction to Alternative Transportation Planning for Federal Land Managers
  • Good Practices to Encourage Bicycling and Pedestrians on Federal Lands
  • Wildlife Issues for Transportation Planning on Federal Lands

To discuss training for your unit, email us at flti@coe.montana.edu or call
Jaime Sullivan at (774) 571-3503.

FLTI offers a biweekly training “e-blast”. The “e-blast” consolidates upcoming transportation trainings and conferences from multiple sources and delivers the list directly to your inbox. To sign-up to receive this “e-blast” please send your contact information to flti@coe.montana.edu.

Training Success

  • Trainings are specific to Federal Land Managers
  • Conducted more than 18 trainings with more than 2500 contact hours and more than 1200 attendees
  • Trainings are recorded for access in the future (to view archived trainings click here)
  • Biweekly “e-blast” goes out to more than 900 clients

If you’re looking for technical information or guidance for your transportation project in a federal land, check out the resources of FLTI first.

We’ve assembled a wealth of relevant information such as:

FLTI also houses the “Resource Library” created by TRIPTAC. This resource library is a collection of pre-sorted transportation resources specific to Federal Land Management Agencies, such as:

  • Design guidelines
  • Sample planning documents
  • Contract guidance
  • Manuals
  • Legislation and regulations
  • Planning and management toolboxes
  • Training programs and materials

For your convenience, the resource library is online and searchable. FLTI will continue to add documents and trainings to this collection, so check back often to see what’s new. 

Welcome to the Funding Sources page. Here you will find information on funding programs for which transportation projects in and around federal lands may be eligible. Please note that this is not an exhaustive list, and project eligibility is dependent upon each program’s criteria.

Funding Opportunitites to Consider

The Western, Central and Eastern Divisions of Federal Lands Highway will be posting calls for proposals by state for the Federal Lands Access Program throughout the year. Look for information on each division’s webpage under the Programs tab. Websites that document funding opportunities include:

Technical Assistance Programs

State-Specifc Funding


ADA Americans with Disabilities Act
AICP American Institute of Certified Planners
APTA American Public Transportation Association
ATS Alternative Transportation Systems
ATPPL Alternative Transportation in Parks and Public Lands
AVL Automatic Vehicle Location


BIA Bureau of Indian Affairs
BLM Bureau of Land Management
BRT Bus Rapid Transit


CAD Computer Aided Dispatch
CalTrans California Department of Transportation
CCR Central Contractor Registration
CCTV Closed-Circuit Television
CFLHD Central Federal Lands Highway Division
ConOps Concept of Operations
CSS Context Sensitive Solutions
CUTR Center for Urban Transportation Research


DEA David Evans and Associates
DMS Dynamic Message Sign
DOI Department of the Interior
DOT Department of Transportation
DSC National Park Service Denver Service Center
DUNS Data Universal Numbering System


EFLHD Eastern Federal Lands Highway Division
EIS Environmental Impact Statement


FAQ Frequently Asked Question
FDOT Florida Department of Transportation
FHWA Federal Highway Administration
FLH Office of Federal Lands Highway
FLH HQ Office of Federal Lands Highway headquarters
FLHP Federal Lands Highway Program
FLTI Federal Lands Transportation Institute
FLMA Federal Land Management Agency
FTA Federal Transit Administration
FWS U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
FY Fiscal Year


GIS Geographic Information Systems
GPS Global Positioning Systems
GWF George Wright Forum


HAR Highway Advisory Radio
HART Hillsborough Area Regional Transit


IRR Indian Reservation Roads Program
ITE Institute of Transportation Engineers
ITS Intelligent Transportation Systems


MOA Memorandum of Agreement


NCHRP National Cooperative Highway Research Program
NEPA National Environmental Policy Act
NHI National Highway Institute
NHTSA National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
NMRA North Moab Recreation Area
NPS National Park Service
NTCIP National Transportation Communications for ITS Protocol
NTI National Transit Institute


O&M Operation and Maintenance


PBIC Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center
PLH Public Lands Highways Program
PRP Park Roads and Parkways Program


RAPTS Resource for Advanced Public Transportation Systems
RR Refuge Roads Program
RSA Road Safety Audit
RTAP Rural Transit Asisstance Program
RTCA Rivers, Trails, and Conservation Assistance Program


SAFETEA-LU Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users
SDTDC USDA Forest Service San Dimas Technology and Development Center
STC Shapiro Transportation Consulting


TAC Technical Assistance Center
TAG Transportation Assistance Group
TBEST Transit Boardings Estimation and Simulation Tool
TCIP Transit Communications Interface Protocols
TCRP Transit Cooperative Research Program
TDP Transit Development Plans
TEA-21 Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century
TRB Transportation Research Board
TRC Transportation Research Center
TRIP Transit in Parks program
TRIPS Transit Research Inspection Procurement Services


UDOT Utah Department of Transportation
USBR U.S. Bureau of Reclamation
USDA United States Department of Agriculture
USDOT United States Department of Transportation
USFS U.S. Forest Service
UMaine University of Maine Parks, Recreation, and Tourism
UVM University of Vermont


VOTRAN Volusia County Transit
VHB Vanasse Hangen Brustlin, Inc.
VTS Visitor Transportation System


WFLHD Western Federal Lands Highway Division
WTI Western Tranportation Institute


YNP Yellowstone National Park
We hope you are finding a variety of valuable information directly through this website; however, you may find it useful to explore other websites for additional information. Below we have listed and categorized links to agencies that may share your interests, goals, and priorities. This is an evolving list; please contact us at flti@coe.montana.edu to suggest additional websites, or to let us know if a link no longer works. Transportation in Public Lands Bureau of Land Management (BLM) www.blm.gov Department of Interior www.doi.gov Federal Lands Highway (FLH) www.flh.fhwa.dot.gov

National Parks Conservation Association


National Park Service


National Park Service DENVER Service Center (DSC)


National Rural Transit Assistance Program (RTAP)


Rivers, Trails, and Conservation Assistance Program (RTCA)


TRB Committee on Transportation Needs of National Parks and Public Lands

www.sites.google.com/site/trbcommitteeada40 Transportation in National Park Service www.nps.gov/transportation/index.html

U.S. Bureau of Reclamation (USBR)


U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS)


USA Forest Service (USFS)


USDA Forest Service San Dimas technology and Development Center (SDTDC)


Volpe Center


Bicycle/Pedestrian Links

Adventure Cycling Association (ACA)

www.adv-cycling.org Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals www.apbp.org

Bikes Belong


International Mountain Bicycling Association


League of American Bicyclists


Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)


Rails to Trails Conservancy


Rivers and Trails Conservation Assistance Program


The National Center for Bicycling and Walking


Intelligent Transportation Links

ITS America


ITS Joint Program office


Transit Links

American Public Transportation Association


Community Transportation Association of America


Federal Transit Administration


National Center for Transit Research


National Transit Institute


Public Transportation Research at TRB


Public Transportation Takes Us There


Other Helpful Transportation Links

Complete Streets


Context Sensitive Solutions (CSS)


Critter Crossings Linking Habitats and Reducing Roadkill


Institute for Transportation and Development Policy


Keeping It Simple Easy Ways to Help Wildlife Along Roads


National Scenic Byway Program


Parks and Health Guide


Rural Transportation


Sonoran Institute


Victoria Transportation Institute