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Bike Sharing Programs on Federal Lands

Started: August, 2009 Ended: June, 2011 Project ID #4W2774 Status: Completed


This project will analyze the challenges bike sharing programs in some national parks and national wildlife refuges are facing, including liability and risk management, helmet use, business models, operations and maintenance, and funding mechanisms, and offer recommendations for Federal Land Management Agencies (FLMAs) interested in implementing bike sharing programs. The results can help transfer knowledge on this new technology among the FLMAs.


Federal Land Management Agencies (FLMAs) are becoming increasingly interested in non-motorized transportation to help manage congestion as well as to reach their public health and sustainability goals. One unique bike program that has gained in popularity in the past several years is bike sharing. Bike sharing is a mode of public transportation where a fleet of bicycles is made available for short-term use. Users generally check out and return bicycles to a network of stations. Modern bike-sharing systems make use of automated parking stations and bikes incorporate technology that allows fleet managers to confirm the identity of users and for users to be able to track their mileage and time utilized. These program have largely been implemented in large cities (Paris, Montreal, Washington, DC), however, a variety of bike programs are being considered by (FLMAs)to encourage employees and/or visitors to drive less and reduce their carbon footprint, while improving public health.


Sponsors & Partners

  • Central Federal Lands Highway (CFLHD) Sponsor

Part of: Mobility and Public Transportation

Project Tagged In: national parks, Active Transportation, Bike share, national wildlife refuges

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