« Back to Focus Areas

Feasilbity of Reclaimed Ashphalt Pavement as Aggregate in Portland Cement Concrete Pavements

Started: January, 2010 Ended: August, 2013 Project ID #4W2970 Status: Completed


The objective of this project is to develop and characterize an environmentally friendly concrete suitable for transportation-related applications in which a portion of the conventional aggregate has been replaced with reclaimed asphalt pavement.


Each year, the highway construction industry in the United States produces over 100 million tons of reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) through standard rehabilitation and construction of our nation’s roads. Although this reusable material has been put to use in some applications (usually in the form of asphalt paving), a large portion of this material remains unused and is either stockpiled or land filled. Therefore, alternative uses for this material are needed. One possible use for this material is the replacement of conventional aggregates in Portland cement concrete pavement (PCCP). There has been limited, preliminary research to demonstrate the feasibility of using RAP in this application. However, these research efforts have focused primarily on short-term mechanical characteristics of the material and have not addressed long-term durability characteristics such as alkali silica reactivity (ASR – which is a deleterious expansive reaction between the alkalis in the Portland cement binder and silicates in the aggregate) or freeze–thaw resistance. Therefore, the proposed research will focus on the durability characteristics of using RAP in Portland cement concrete, which is a critical step in determining whether it can be effectively incorporated into pavements, sidewalks, medians, and other transportation applications. The proposed research effort will begin by developing mix designs with similar strengths, set-times, and workability to conventional concrete mixtures. Once these mix designs are developed, the resulting concretes will be evaluated with a suite of mechanical and durability tests. These results will then be analyzed and documented. Depending on the outcome of this feasibility study, recommendations will be made for a Phase II pilot project in which this material is used in place of traditional concrete in a transportation application. This overall effort is a partnership between WTI, the Montana Department of Transportation (MDT) and the Research and Innovative Technologies Administration (RITA) of USDOT. This project represents the MDT sponsored portion.


Sponsors & Partners

  • Montana Department of Transportation (MDT) Sponsor

Part of: Infrastructure Maintenance and Materials

Project Tagged In: concrete pavements, reclaimed asphalt, Recycled construction materials

« Back to Focus Areas