The Journal of Cold Regions Engineering has published “Effectiveness of Liquid Agricultural By-products and Solid Complex Chlorides for Snow and Ice Control,” authored by Anbu Muthumani and Xianming Shi. The article summarizes their work to conduct a laboratory investigation of the thermal properties, ice melting behavior, and corrosivity of agro-based deicers, in order to compare their effectiveness to traditional deicers.
Muthumani, Anburaj and Shi, Xianming (2017). Effectiveness of Liquid Agricultural By-products and Solid Complex Chlorides for Snow and Ice Control. Journal of Cold Regions Engineering, Vol 31, Issue 1 (March 2017). http://ascelibrary.org/doi/abs/10.1061/%28ASCE%29CR.1943-5495.0000112
Are you a good (traffic safety) citizen? The Center for Health and Safety Culture (CHSC) has released the final report for “An Assessment of Traffic Safety Culture Related to Engagement in Efforts to Improve Traffic Safety.” Conducted in partnership with the Transportation Pooled Fund on Traffic Safety Culture, this research explored the specific aspects of traffic safety culture that predict engagement in traffic safety citizenship behaviors. Examples of “safety citizenship” behaviors include asking someone to put on a seat belt or to refrain from using a cell phone while driving. Instead of trying to reduce risky behaviors among a small group of individuals, the goal is to instill a sense of responsibility in everyone for the safety of others. The results of this project as well as information about methodology and analysis can be found in the final report.
Download Report DirectlySAFETY_CITIZENSHIP_FINAL_REPORT
Anbu Muthumani co-authored an article for the Journal of Nature and Science with colleagues in the MSU Mechanical and Industrial Engineering Department. “A Comparison of the Effects of Continuous versus Discontinuous Movement Patterns on Parkinsonian Rigidity and Reflex Responses to Passive Stretch and Shortening” summarizes a project to study the effects of stretching on the movement of patients with Parkinson’s Disease.
Citation: Powell D, Muthumani A, Xia R. A Comparison of the Effects of Continuous versus Discontinuous Movement Patterns on Parkinsonian Rigidity and Reflex Responses to Passive Stretch and Shortening. Journal of Nature and Science (JNSCI), 2(8):e201, 2016.
Researchers from WTI’s Winter Maintenance program collaborated on “Accelerated Laboratory Test Suggests the Importance of Film Integrity of Sealers on the Protection of Concrete from Deicer Scaling” for the Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering. The project compared the performance of five different sealers that protect concrete.
Citation: Dang, Y., Shi, X., Xie, N., McVey, E., and Kessel, A. (2016). “Accelerated Laboratory Test Suggests the Importance of Film Integrity of Sealers on the Protection of Concrete from Deicer Scaling.” J. Mater. Civ. Eng., 10.1061/(ASCE)MT.1943-5533.0001579, 04016065.
The Transportation Research Record has published “Traffic Safety along Tourist Routes in Rural Areas,” authored by Yiyi Wang, David Veneziano, Sam Russell and Ahmed Al-Kaisy. The article is based on research that investigated the contributing factors for crash severity and crash likelihood of visiting drivers in or near three national parks in rural areas, and whether there were diffences in crash risk for local and tourist drivers. The abstract is available on the MSU Publications website, and the full article is available through TRB.
Wang, Y., Veneziano, D., Russel, S. and Al-Kaisy, A. Traffic Saftey Along Tourist Routes in Rural Areas.Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board,
No. 2568, Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C., 2016, pp. 55–63.
The USDOT Federal Highway Administration has released “Small Town and Rural Multimodal Networks,” a report developed by the Small Urban and Rural Livability Center (SURLC) at WTI, Alta Planning and Design, and the National Association of Counties through SURLC’s Street Guide Project. The report is intended to provide ideas and guidance to small towns and rural communities who wish to enhance active travel networks for modes such as bicycling and walking. The guide also provides innovative examples of successful projects that are applicable to rural communities. David Kack, Rebecca Gleason, and Taylor Londsdale served as co-authors on the report, which is available on the FHWA website. Or, you can download the pdf here
The Journal of Transport Geography has published an atricle by Yiyi Wang and her colleagues: “Does bicycle network level of traffic stress (LTS) explain bicycle traffic behavior?” The article summarizes a case study in Oregon, and draws on census data, mode choice, and regional household travel survey data to investigate the relationship between the varying levels of traffic stress (LTS) routes and bicycle travel behavior.
Citation: Wang, H., Palm, M., Chen, C., Vogt, R., and Wang, Y. 2016. Does bicycle network level of traffic stress (LTS) explain bicycle travel behavior? Mixed results from an Oregon case study. Journal of Transport Geography, Volume 57: pp 8-18.
Ewan, L., Al-Kaisy, A., Hossain, F. (2016). “Safety Effects of Road Geometry and Roadside Features on Low-Volume Roads in Oregon.” Transportation Research Board Annual Meeting 2016 Paper #16-2115. https://trid.trb.org/view.aspx?id=1392778
The Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering has published a recent publication on recycled pavement materials, authored by Ning Xie and colleagues:
Xie, N., Shi, X., Dang, Y., and Pace, A. (2015). “Upcycling of Waste Materials: Green Binder Prepared with Pure Coal Fly Ash.” Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 10.1061/(ASCE)MT.1943-5533.0001414, 04015138.
Read the full article here.
Marcel P. Huijser, Elizabeth R. Fairbank, Whisper Camel-Means, Jonathan Graham, Vicki Watson, Pat Basting, Dale Becker
Wildlife fencing in combination with crossing structures is commonly regarded as the most effective and robust strategy to reduce large mammalâ€“vehicle collisions while also maintaining wildlife connectivity across roads. However, fencing and associated measures may affect landscape esthetics and are sometimes considered costly and unpopular. Therefore fence length is often minimized. We investigated 1) whether short fenced road sections were similarly effective in reducing large mammalâ€“vehicle collisions as long fenced road sections (literature review), and 2) whether fence length influenced large mammal use of underpasses (two field studies). We found that: 1) short fences (â‰¤ 5 km road length) had lower (52.7%) and more variable (0â€“94%) effectiveness in reducing collisions than long fences (> 5 km) (typically > 80% reduction); 2) wildlife use of underpasses was highly variable, regardless of fence length (first field study); 3) most highway crossings occurred through isolated underpasses (82%) rather than at grade at fence ends (18%) (second field study); and 4) the proportional use of isolated underpasses (compared to crossings at fence ends) did not increase with longer fence lengths (up to 256 m from underpasses) (second field study). If the primary success parameter is to improve highway safety for humans by reducing collisions with large ungulates, the data suggest fence lengths of at least 5 km. While longer fence lengths do not necessarily guarantee higher wildlife use of underpasses as use varies greatly between locations, wildlife fencing can still improve wildlife use of an individual underpass.